Purple Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea) - perennial Coneflowers are found throughout the central and southeastern U.S.A., in open forests, meadows and along roads.
Coneflower is fairly tolerant to drought. However, Echinacea plants do well with adequate watering, and can tolerate various soil types. Purple coneflower is generally native to soils with a pH of 6.0-7.0. Choosing a good site is important for growing and harvesting Echinacea.
Purple coneflower generally has a deep fibrous root system and is harvested at three or four years old.
Echinacea is well known in some European countries as a herb plant that may help the common cold, toothache, sore throat, psoriasis, rheumatism, stomach cramps, burns and external sores, and to counteract the effects of poison ivy and snakebite.
If starting indoors, provide total darkness and a soil temperature of 21-25°C (70-75°F). Once sprouts appear, provide bright light.
Transplant in larger pots when seedlings have two true leaves, 30-40 days after sowing. Harden off before transplanting outdoors in late spring or early summer and space plants at 12-18″ (30-45cm) apart.
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