Tropaeolum Majus, the garden nasturtium, Indian cress or monks cress, is a flowering plant in the family Tropaeolaceae.
Nasturtiums are annuals that thrive in full sun, germinate quickly and grow fast in a well-drained soil, not especially rich soil.
The 2" vibrant flowers are large and colourful: red, orange, creamy and yellow.
Tropaeolum is great for beds, hanging baskets, rock gardens, herb gardens or edging over walls.
Avoid fertilizing, otherwise it may cause them to grow more foliage than flowers.
Nasturtium attracts hummingbirds, which is the main pollinator of nasturtiums.
Direct seed: Sow Nasturtium seeds outdoors 2 weeks before the last expected frost, 8-12" apart, 1/2-1" deep. Cover seed as they require darkness to germinate. Thin when seedlings have the first true leaves.
Start Indoors: Sow seeds 3-4 weeks before the last potential frost. Plant 2 seeds 1/2-1" deep in individual cells or pots. Cover seeds as they require darkness to germinate. Thin to one plant per cell or pot. Harden off and transplant outside after the danger of frost has passed.
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